What happened on February 27th in history?
1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland.
1594 - Henry IV is crowned King of France.
1617 - Sweden and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo, ending the Ingrian War and shutting Russia out of the Baltic Sea.
1626 - Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.
1700 - The island of New Britain is discovered.
1703 - The first Mardi Gras is celebrated in Mobile, Alabama.
1793 - The Giles resolutions are introduced to the United States House of Representatives asking the House to condemn Alexander Hamilton's handling of loans.
1801 - Washington, DC is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
1812 - Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
1827 - The first Mardi Gras is celebrated in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1844 - The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti.
1860 - Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that was largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.
1861 - A crowd in Warsaw protesting Russian rule over Poland is fired upon by Russian troops, killing five protesters.
1864 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia.
1879 - Announcement of the discovery of artificial sweetener saccharin.
1900 - Second Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg.
1900 - The British Labour Party is founded.
1900 - The FC Bayern München (Munich) is founded.
1921 - The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna.
1922 - A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett.
1933 - Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire.
1939 - American Civil Rights Movement: Sit-down strikes are outlawed by the Supreme Court of the United States.
1940 - Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discovered carbon-14
1942 - World War II: the USS Langley, the first United States aircraft carrier, is sunk by Japanese warplanes.
1943 - The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
1943 - The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
1951 - The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified.
1961 - The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
1963 - The Dominican Republic receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.
1964 - The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
1967 - Dominica gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1971 - Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform abortus provocatus .
1973 - The American Indian Movement occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
1974 - People magazine is published for the first time.
1976 - The formerly Spanish territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
1986 - The United States Senate allows its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
1989 - Venezuela is rocked by the Caracazo.
1990 - Exxon Valdez oil spill: Exxon and its shipping company are indicted on five criminal counts.
1991 - Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated."
1996 - Satoshi Tajiri creates the hit media franchise Pokémon.
1999 - While trying to circumnavigate the world in a hot air balloon, Colin Prescot and Andy Elson set a new endurance record after being in a hot air balloon for 233 hours and 55 minutes.
1999 - Olusegun Obasanjo becomes Nigeria's first elected president since mid-1983.
2002 - Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire in London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation.
2002 - A Muslim mob attacks a train a few minutes after it leaves the Godhra railway station, killing 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya; retaliatory riots lead to the death of at least 1000 people, mostly Muslims.
2003 - Rowan Williams is enthroned as the 104th Archbishop of Canterbury in the Anglican church.
2004 - A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines kills 116, its worst terrorist attack.
2004 - Former BPMC general secretary Ordrick Samuel launches a new party in Barbuda, Barbudans for a Better Barbuda.
2005 - Pre-pay price capping on the Transport for London Oyster card is introduced.
2006 - The Harlem Globetrotters extended their overall record to 22,000 wins.
272 - Constantine I, Roman emperor (d. 337)
1691 - Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
1711 - Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
1779 - Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
1807 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (d. 1882)
1861 - Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (d. 1925)
1862 - Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (d. 1937)
1886 - Hugo Black, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1971)
1888 - Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
1888 - Earl Caddock, American professional wrestler (d. 1950)
1888 - Lotte Lehmann, German singer (d. 1976)
1890 - Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)
1891 - David Sarnoff, Russian-born broadcast pioneer (d. 1971)
1891 - Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
1892 - William Demarest, American actor (d. 1983)
1897 - Marian Anderson, American contralto (d. 1993)
1899 - Charles Best, American medical scientist (d. 1978)
1902 - Gene Sarazen, American golfer (d. 1999)
1902 - John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
1903 - Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
1904 - James T. Farrell, American writer (d. 1979)
1904 - Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)
1904 - André Leducq, French cyclist (d. 1980)
1904 - Chick Fullis, American baseball player (d. 1946)
1905 - Franchot Tone, American actor (d. 1968)
1907 - Mildred Bailey, American singer (d. 1951)
1910 - Joan Bennett, American actress (d. 1990)
1910 - Peter De Vries, American writer (d. 1993)
1910 - Kelly Johnson, American aircraft engineer (d. 1990)
1912 - Lawrence Durrell, British writer (d. 1990)
1913 - Irwin Shaw, American writer (d. 1984)
1917 - John Connally, Governor of Texas (d. 1993)
1922 - Hans Rookmaaker, Dutch professor and art historian (d. 1977)
1923 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1990)
1925 - Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (d. 2004)
1926 - David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate
1927 - Lynn Cartwright, American actress (d. 2004)
1927 - Guy Mitchell, American singer (d. 1999)
1928 - Ariel Sharon, former Prime Minister of Israel
1929 - Djalma Santos, Brazilian footballer
1930 - Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist
1930 - Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
1930 - Joanne Woodward, American actress
1932 - Elizabeth Taylor, British-American actress
1933 - Raymond Berry, American football player
1934 - Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer (d. 1992)
1934 - N. Scott Momaday, American writer
1934 - Ralph Nader, American consumer activist
1934 - Van Williams, American actor
1935 - Mirella Freni, Italian soprano
1936 - Ron Barassi, Australian rules footballer
1937 - Barbara Babcock, American actress
1939 - Peter Revson, American racecar driver (d. 1974)
1940 - Howard Hesseman, American actor
1941 - Paddy Ashdown, British politician
1942 - Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1942 - Charlayne Hunter-Gault, American journalist
1942 - Michel Forget, French Canadian actor
1943 - Mary Frann, American actress (d. 1998)
1943 - Morten Lauridsen, American composer
1944 - Ken Grimwood, American writer (d. 2003)
1945 - Carl Anderson, American singer and actor (d. 2004)
1947 - Gidon Kremer, Latvian violinist
1951 - Steve Harley, British rock musician (Steve Harley and Cockney Rebel)
1954 - Neal Schon, American musician (Journey)
1957 - Viktor Markin, Russian athlete
1957 - Timothy Spall, English actor
1957 - Danny Antonucci, Canadian animator
1957 - Adrian Smith, English musician (Iron Maiden)
1958 - Nancy Spungen, girlfriend of Sid Vicious (d. 1978)
1960 - Andres Gomez, Ecuadorian tennis player
1962 - Adam Baldwin, American actor
1962 - Grant Show, American actor
1965 - Noah Emmerich, American actor
1965 - Frank Peter Zimmermann, German violinist
1965 - Joakim Sundström, Swedish sound editor, sound designer and musician
1966 - Donal Logue, Canadian actor
1969 - Brad Vander Ark, American musician
1970 - Michael A. Burstein, American writer
1970 - Patricia Petibon, French opera singer
1971 - Derren Brown, British psychological illusionist
1971 - Rozonda "Chilli" Thomas, American singer (TLC)
1973 - Ali Tabatabaee, American Iranian rapper (Zebrahead)
1975 - Shelby Walker, American mixed martial artist (d. 2006)
1975 - Prodromos Korkizoglou, Greek decathlete
1977 - Lance Hoyt, American professional wrestler
1977 - Ji Sung, South Korean actor
1978 - James Beattie, English footballer
1980 - Bobby Valentino, American singer
1980 - Chelsea Clinton, daughter of Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton
1981 - Josh Groban, American singer
1984 - Juliana Imai, Brazilian model
1984 - Antti Tuisku, Finnish singer
1985 - Fefe Dobson, Canadian singer
1985 - Abe Asami, Japanese singer and actress
1988 - JD Natasha, American musician